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    This dataset lists land surface substrate characteristics observed in Rangeland sites across Australia by the TERN Surveillance Monitoring team, using standardised AusPlots methodologies. <br /> Land surface substrate observations are collected at each site as part of the AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/c5a32483-bf2f-421d-b03d-6d81e1195de2">Point intercept</a> method. At each site, observations on the substrate type (e.g. rock, coarse woody debris, litter) are recorded on transect laid out on the plots see AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/c5a32483-bf2f-421d-b03d-6d81e1195de2">Point intercept</a> method. These records form the basis for ground cover derivation, see the Ausplots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/tern-cv/1ae719f6-93f2-494c-822d-2631b1d3e6c3">Ground cover</a> and <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/c5a32483-bf2f-421d-b03d-6d81e1195de2">Point intercept</a> methods.<br />

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    This dataset list landform characteristics (i.e. visible features of a land area) observed in Rangeland sites across Australia by the TERN Surveillance Monitoring team, using standardised AusPlots methodologies. <br /> Landform observations are recorded at each site as part of the AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/4c0dabaf-1771-465f-890f-be23337c530e">Plots and Physical Descriptions</a> method. Observations on the landform elements and their patterns are recorded as part of this protocol.<br />

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    This dataset lists land surface characteristics observed in Rangeland sites across Australia by the TERN Ecosystem Surveillance team, using standardised AusPlots methodologies. <br /> Land surface observations are collected at each site as part of the AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/74615bb8-9cc5-4a63-868b-3258108ffcb4">Plot description</a> method. At each site, observations on ground cover, lithology, erosion (state, extent, and human accelerated), surface drainage, microrelief, aspect and angle are recorded as part of the Ausplots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/tern-cv/1ae719f6-93f2-494c-822d-2631b1d3e6c3">Ground cover</a> and <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/74615bb8-9cc5-4a63-868b-3258108ffcb4">Plot description</a> methods.<br />

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    The dataset contains maps of total % C<sub>3</sub> and C<sub>4</sub> plant cover, proportional C<sub>3</sub> and C<sub>4</sub> vegetation (relative to combined C<sub>3</sub> and C<sub>4</sub> cover), and vegetation &delta;<sup>13</sup>C isoscape (stable carbon isotope values) across Australia. Data are centered on year 2015. We used vegetation and land-use rasters to categorize grid-cells (100 m<sup>2</sup>) into woody (C<sub>3</sub>), native herbaceous (C<sub>3</sub> and C<sub>4</sub>), and herbaceous cropland (C<sub>3</sub> and C<sub>4</sub>) cover. TERN Ecosystem Surveillance field surveys and environmental factors were regressed to predict native C<sub>4</sub> herbaceous cover. These layers were combined and a &delta;<sup>13</sup>C mixing model was used to calculate site-averaged &delta;<sup>13</sup>C values.

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    <br>This dataset lists plant species and their abundance identified at rangeland sites across Australia by the TERN Surveillance Monitoring team, using standardised AusPlots methodologies. <br /> <br><a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/tern-cv/b311c0d3-4a1a-4932-a39c-f5cdc1afa611">Plant occurrences</a> (i.e. a sample of a plant at a particular point and time) are methodically identified at each site as part of the AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/c5a32483-bf2f-421d-b03d-6d81e1195de2">Point intercept</a> method. Plant species are identified at each site as part of the AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/1d39b897-d6d3-40e9-8113-8ebeab2cd38e">Vegetation vouchering</a> and AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/872d0b1d-3ed0-4e25-a31a-f3ee4336acc6">Basal area</a> methods. In addition to site visit date and location, the information provided includes growth form, vegetative height and whether the plant is dead. In-canopy-sky is also recorded if there is no intercept to foliage or branches when viewing the canopy through the densitometer and can be used to calculate species cover or aerial cover. Other recorded information includes dead plants basal area and the number of sampling points. Species identification is updated once confirmed by Herbaria. Plant occurrences data can be aggregated across the site to calculate relative species abundance, green ground cover, species- growth form- and -community-level basal area.<br /> <br>In addition, at least one specimen is taken from each species at the site, assigned a barcode and provided for vouchering and further analyses. See <a href="https://linkeddata.tern.org.au/viewer/ausplots/"> AusPlots Rangelands Vocabularies</a> for a list of parameters collected. </br>

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    This dataset list soil characteristics observed in Rangeland sites across Australia by the TERN Surveillance Monitoring team, using standardised AusPlots methodologies. <br /> Soil observations are recorded at each site as part of the AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/dbd0b3ef-c9e6-42d9-9e40-53ff4733fe64">Soil and Landscapes</a> method. Observations on the soil surface conditions are recorded as part of the Ausplots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/74615bb8-9cc5-4a63-868b-3258108ffcb4">Plot description</a> method.<br />

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    <br>This dataset lists the plant communities from Rangeland sites across Australia described by the TERN Surveillance Monitoring team, using standardised AusPlots methodologies. <br /> <br> For each plant community, species richness, relative species abundance, vegetation condition as well as the spatial extent of the community, are described using AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/c5a32483-bf2f-421d-b03d-6d81e1195de2">Point intercept</a>, <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/tern-cv/ae32af18-6c24-434b-ad0a-f5ac20a1d97e">Species richness</a>, <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/tern-cv/a8892b89-e185-4098-87d8-8ecb65e9a167">Relative species abundance</a>, <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/4c0dabaf-1771-465f-890f-be23337c530e">Plot and Physical Descriptions</a>, methods. Plant species are identified at every site as part of the AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/1d39b897-d6d3-40e9-8113-8ebeab2cd38e">Vegetation vouchering</a> method. The specimen data is updated with the identification date and authority details when species identification is confirmed by the Herbaria. <br />

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    This dataset lists vegetation strata and the three most dominant species in each stratum identified at rangeland sites across Australia by the TERN Surveillance Monitoring team, using standardised AusPlots methodologies. <br /> Vegetation strata are methodically identified at each site as part of the AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/d5685cab-13e7-4939-9d77-1cca9254207a">Structural summary and homogeneity</a> method. The information provided includes the type of strata found and the three most dominant species on each stratum.<br />

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    <br>This dataset lists the occurrence of fungi and their abundance identified at rangeland sites across Australia by the TERN Surveillance Monitoring team, using standardised AusPlots methodologies. <br /> <br><a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/tern-cv/45a73139-f6bf-47b7-88d4-4b2865755545">Fungal occurrences</a> (i.e. a sample of a fungi at a particular point and time) are methodically identified at each site as part of the AusPlots <a href="http://linked.data.gov.au/def/ausplots-cv/c5a32483-bf2f-421d-b03d-6d81e1195de2">Point intercept</a> method. Fungal occurrence data can be aggregated across the site to calculate relative abundance and fungal ground cover.<br />

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    <p> AusPlots is a collection of ecological data and samples gathered from a network of plots and transects across Australia by the TERN Surveillance Monitoring team, using standardised methodologies. </p> <p>The AusPlots collection provides the ecological infrastructure to: </p> <ul><li>quantify the richness and cover of plant species (including weeds); </li><li>quantify the diversity and abundance of soil biodiversity; </li><li>assess the state, spatial heterogeneity and structural complexity of vegetation, including life-stage; </li><li>record vegetation and soil parameters that assist with the validation of remotely sensed ecological products;</li><li>analyse vegetation structure and change based on a series of photo reference images; </li><li>better estimate soil carbon and nutrient stocks; </li><li>conduct taxonomic validation studies based on collected plant voucher specimens; </li><li>conduct DNA barcoding and population genetic profiling based on collected tissue samples. </li></ul> <p> Overall this information will progress understanding of ecosystem processes, structure and function, and more generally progress understanding of the response to disturbance and longer-term environmental change of rangeland ecosystems, which underpins sustainable management practice.</p>.